How Much Sugar is Safe to Eat?

The best way to start controlling your fasting blood sugar level is to monitor your daily sugar intake. Your fasting blood sugar should be no higher than 85.  Limit yourself to 10 teaspoons of total sugar a day including the pasta and breads that are converted to sugar.  Packaged foods are labeled according to grams of sugar and carbohydrates, not teaspoons. Use this formula to find out exactly how much sugar is in your food:

(total grams of carbs-total grams of fiber) divided by 5= total teaspoons of sugar.

This will give you the total teaspoons of sugar in a serving of that food.

If you seek additional support for sugar control, try adding the herb cinnamon to your coffee and recipes .   Pure Encapsulations’  Glucose Control Formula  is a combination of many herbs that can also assist in blood sugar control. Order it online at

***This product is not meant to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent disease.


A Natural Approach to Mood Enhancement

SeroPlus Functions:
Promotes serotonin synthesis to promote relaxation, moderate occasional stress, and support healthy eating behavior*
- – Supports serotonin production with cofactors vitamin C, vitamin B6
and Metafolin® L-5MTHF; L-5MTHF is the form of folate that easily
crosses the blood brain barrier*
• Enhances healthy sensitization of serotonin receptors and nervous system function with inositol*
• Maintains healthy serotonin activity and reuptake with taurine*
• Supports serotonin production with cofactors vitamin C, vitamin B6
and folate; L-5MTHF is the form of folate that easily crosses the blood brain barrier*
- In a randomized controlled trial involving elderly individuals, magnesium (contained in this product)
offered statistically significant support for positive mood*
- In another double-blind, randomized and placebo-controlled trial involving
young women, zinc (in this formula) supplementation offered statistically significant
support for positive mood*
Magnesium is required for supporting the overall integrity of this pathway. When released into the synapse, serotonin is subject to reuptake or degradation by MAO. The remaining serotonin binds to serotonin receptors on the postsynaptic neuron, which use inositol-mediated signal transduction to translate the message into signals that support relaxation, moderation of occasional stress, and healthy eating behavior.*
Pure Encapsulations recommends 2-4 capsules daily, in divided doses, between meals.
Are There Any Potential Side Effects Or Precautions?
Not to be taken by pregnant or lactating women. Certain ingredients have been associated with gastrointestinal side effects such as nausea, heartburn, vomiting, diarrhea or flatulence. Rarely, inositol has been associated with fatigue, headache or dizziness. Consult your physician for more information.
Are There Any Potential Drug Interactions?
These products are not intended to replace SSRI, MAOI or other psychiatric medications and should only be used under the supervision of a healthcare practitioner. Do not use concurrently with SSRI medications or MAO inhibitors. 5-HTP may be contra-indicated with sedative medications.


Consult your physician to discuss using this product as the first line of attack against depression, stress and anxiety.
two vegetarian capsules contain v 00
vitamin C (as ascorbic acid)…………………………………………………………………………………… 100 mg
niacin (as niacinamide)……………………………………………………………………………………………..20 mg
folate (as Metafolin®, L-5-MTHF)…………………………………………………………………………. 500 mcg
magnesium (as di-magnesium malate)…………………………………………………………………….100 mg zinc (as zinc picolinate)……………………………………………………………………………………………..10 mg
5-hydroxytryptophan………………………………………………………………………………………………..100 mg
inositol (as myo-inositol)………………………………………………………………………………………… 500 mg
taurine (free-form)………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 200 mg
pyridoxal 5’ phosphate (activated B6)………………………………………………………………………..10 mg
other ingredients: vegetarian capsule (cellulose, water)
2-4 capsules daily, in divided doses, between meals.

For more information and to order this product, go online to


***This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent disease.

Be Heart Healthy on Valentine’s Day

The PureHeart Protocol


Pure Encapsulations offers clinically reliable formulations, superior delivery systems, and unsurpassed quality. Importantly, Pure Encapsulations specializes in product innovations for evidence-based cardiometabolic care. This commitment includes the integration of innovative delivery technologies and the ongoing research and development of proprietary polyphenol blends with the Institute of Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods (INAF) based at Université Laval, Quebec, Canada. This endeavor has led to a growing platform of options to support the full cardiometabolic spectrum.*

Pure Encapsulations cardiometabolic supplements include*:

Alpha Lipoic Acid w/GlucoPhenol™
CholestePure Plus
EPA/DHA essentials
Magnesium (glycinate)
Metabolic Xtra
Nitric Oxide Support
Resveratrol VESIsorb®
SR-CoQ10 with PQQ
Ubiquinol VESIsorb®
Vascular Relax BP

For more information and to order these these supplements check out

***These products are not intended to cure, prevent, diagnose or treat any disease.

Common Causes of Headaches

     Headaches are one of the most common reasons people see their primary care physician, and they account for 20 percent of outpatient visits to neurologists.
According to the National Headache Foundation, more than 45 million Americans suffer from chronic or recurring headaches.
Many can include migraine, tension-type, cluster and others. Some are due to  TMJ (jaw) joint disorders and cervicogenic headaches, which are attributed to disorders of the neck.  Headaches are often caused by a combination of factors including musculoskeletal, psychological and neurovascular issues as well as chemical imbalances in the brain. Thus, a thorough medical evaluation is necessary with any onset of a new or ongoing headache.  Dysfunction to the joints and discs of the upper cervical spine is another cause often seen in patients with headaches.

Allergies and magnesium deficiencies  can also lead to headaches.  Stress can be another cause of headaches.
Headaches can be  treated by various clinicians including nutritionists, dentists, massage therapists and physical therapists.
Physical therapy offers a wide range of options for patients who wish to treat their headaches without medicine.
Correcting postural dysfunctions can be done through postural education which includes instruction in proper work station set-up, sleeping positions or proper body mechanics for every day activities.
Postural retraining generally consists of developing a program focused on stretching shortened muscles, while strengthening weak muscles.
Physical therapists can also improve the mobility of the upper cervical spine and jaw through numerous hands-on techniques which can result in reducing the occurrence of headaches.
Nutritional counselors and nutritionists can help a headache sufferer determine if his headaches are due to a nutrition- related problem. A good idea is to keep a food journal and note times of headaches as well. Headaches can occur when an allergen is consumed up o 48 hours before the headaches begins.  Foods that can trigger headaches include nuts, chocolate,  onions, caffeine, artificial sweeteners  and alcohol.  Food allergy testing is a good option as well.

Tension headaches can be caused by abnormal reaction to stress. Yoga and meditation are stress fighters.


Pure Encapsulations’  offers headache sufferers various magnesium supplements to cope with a possible magnesium deficiency.  (Those with a magnesium deficiency can also suffer from body muscle tightness and spasms.)    Pure Encapsulations  also offer products like their Daily Stress Formula and  Cortisol Calm to reduce stress. Order them online at

***These products are not meant to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent disease.

Declining Testosterone Levels- Is There Help for Aging Men?

As men age, there is a tendency to convert testosterone to estrogen. Testosterone levels decrease by approximately 1-2% annually.  Testosterone becomes less available to protect the heart and circulatory system. Other effects of reduced testosterone levels are decreased libido and weaker erections. Loss of height and energy, along with sadness and decreased resistance to infection also occur with declining testosterone levels.

Chrysin is a natural flavone found in small amounts in plants. Like many polyphenol flavones, Chrysin has powerful antioxidant effects and may lower cellular inflammation.  Chrysin also has a favorable effect on blood vessel walls easing blood flow and supporting healthy blood pressure. However, the main use for Chrysin is to support male function. It  has been shown to enhance sex drive, support performance and intensity of pleasure, support male function in many respects, and restore testosterone-related functions in older men by inhibiting its conversion to estrogen.

Pure Encapsulations’ new product Tribulus Formula, offers a combination of tribulus, chrysin, hesperetin and D-aspartic acid to support healthy testosterone balance. Order it online at  Questions? Email:

Warning: If pregnant or nursing, consult your health care practitioner before taking this product.

*This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.


PolyCystic Ovarian Disease

PolyCystic Ovarian Disease  is the most common cause of menstrual irregularity and affects 5-10% of reproductive age women.  Your doctor may have also found many cysts on your ovaries during an ultrasound.

Pure Encapsulatons’ Dim Detox can help balance hormones and detoxify carcinogenic estrogens from your body which is key to reducing the symptoms of this condition.

The key ingredient in the formula that helps stabilize hormones is a form of “broccoli sprouts.”  This is the reason it is also important to eat cruciferous vegetables.

Another essential ingredient in the formula is “milk thistle”. It  enhances detoxification by increasing glutathione. Glutathione is a powerful antioxidant created by your cells to fight destructive free radicals.

Along with these herbal suggestions, A HEALTHY DIET IS ESSENTIAL!

1) Eat low Glycemic Index (GI) carbohydrates such as vegetables ,  berries, and  beans.   It is very important for women  to completely avoid refined carbohydrates including sugar, white flour, whole-wheat flour and products made from them (i.e.- pasta, breads, desserts, soda and candy).

2) Keep your blood sugar stable by eating every three to five hours and include protein and good fats (for example some nuts/nut butter, seeds/seed butter, hard-boiled egg, hummus dip) at each meal.

3) Eat 7-10 servings a day of vegetables including 3 leafy greens every day. Your vitality will shine!

You can order Dim Detox online at

***This product is not meant to diagnose , treat, cure or prevent any disease.

Cholesterol and Latkes: An Unhealthy Combination

Did you know that one fried potato latke has approximately 140 calories and 6 grams of saturated fat?  Although this holiday is filled with wonderful customs, what do all the doughnuts, latkes and chocolate gelt mean for your health?  Among other things, these treats will raise your CHOLESTEROL.
Elevated blood cholesterol is a major risk factor for developing heart disease.  Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States.  Is all cholesterol “bad’ for you?
Cholesterol is transported to and from the cells by carriers called lipoproteins.   Low density lipoprotein or LDL, is know as “‘bad” cholesterol.  High density lipoprotein, or HDL, is known as “good” cholesterol.  These two types of lipids, along with triglycerides make up your total cholesterol count.
When too much LDL (bad) cholesterol (below 100mg/dl, is optimal) circulates in the blood, it can slowly build up in the inner walls of the arteries that feed the heart and brain.  Together with other substances, it can form plaque and clots that lead to a heart attack or stroke.
HDL, (the “good “cholesterol), carries cholesterol away from the arteries and back to the liver where it is released from the body.  Exercise raises HDL, so get to it!
A triglyceride is a form of fat made in the body.  Elevated levels of this fat can be due to obesity, physical inactivity, cigarette smoking, excess alcohol and sugar consumption and a diet very high in carbohydrates (latkes included).  Triglyceride levels lower than 100mg/dl are ideal.
So, what can be done to keep cholesterol levels in a healthy range?  Firstly, limit total fat intake to 35 percent of your total calories each day.  Substitute saturated/trans fats (from fried and baked goods) with foods high in Omega 3 and 9’s fats (fish, olives, nuts, avocado, and seeds).  Pile your plate with lots of fruits and vegetables.   These foods are filled with antioxidants which help your arteries get rid of calcified plaque.  Fiber, found in foods such as whole grain bread, pasta, oats, legumes and brown rice also helps your body maintain plaque -free arteries.
If you’d like be even more proactive, The National Institute of Health recommends adding plant sterols to your diet to improve cholesterol reduction.  Plant sterols prevent the absorption of bad cholesterol into your bloodstream.  In addition, consuming Policosanol (a mixture of plant substances called “cosanols”) is beneficial for helping to manage blood fats.  Pure Encapsulations’ pharmaceutical grade Policosanol and CholestePure (plant sterols) can be purchased online from   Questions? Contact me at 516-538-6799 or
***These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.


Glutathione is an essential component for your body’s detoxification system … yet many people haven’t even heard of it. We all make this essential molecule in our bodies by combining three amino acid building blocks -  cysteine, glycene and glutamine. Toxins such as air pollutants, poor diet, medications (eg, acetaminophen or Tylenol), infections and aging – can deplete your body of glutathione.

When we are deficient in glutathione we are more susceptible to acquiring conditions such as allergies, asthma, digestive problems, muscle pain, arthritis, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s Disease and cataracts.

Fortunately, you can take steps to replenish your glutathione supply: Eat more cruciferous   vegetables (cabbage, Brussels sprouts, kale, broccoli, cauliflower, collards, etc.) … get         more  exercise … and consider supplements such as milk thistle and alpha lipoic acid.
      Pure  Encapuslations offers these products as well as glutathione.  Order them online at


Fish Oil Shown to Reduce Anxiety

Anxiety Buster
Fish oil benefit

A new study gauging the impact of taking fish oil showed a marked reduction in inflammation and anxiety among a group of medical students. Researchers at Ohio State University believe that elderly people and others at high risk for certain diseases might benefit even more.

Previous studies indicated that the omega-3 fatty acids in fish oil helped reduce levels of cytokines (compounds that promote inflammation). Psychological stress is known to increase cytokine production, so the researchers wondered if increased omega 3 intake would reduce stress—and reduce inflammation in the process.

Sixty-eight students enrolled in the 12-week study. Half received daily omega-3 supplements and the rest were given placebo pills. “The supplement was probably about four or five times the amount of fish oil you’d get from a daily serving of salmon,” said the researchers.

Students who received the omega 3 reported a 20-percent reduction in anxiety compared to the placebo group. Blood samples confirmed that cytokines had been reduced significantly.

“Omega 3 Reduces Anxiety and Inflammation in Healthy Students,” Ohio State University, 7/11
“Omega-3 Supplementation Lowers Inflammation and Anxiety in Medical Students” by J. K. Kiecolt Glaser et al., Brain, Behavior and Immunity, 7/19/11

The Benefits of Garlic

What is Garlic?
Garlic, Latin name Allium sativum, belongs to the onion family Alliaceae including shallots, and leek. Garlic has been used throughout recorded history for both medicinal and culinary purposes. The garlic bulb is divided into sections called cloves.

Elephant garlic or Russian garlic is a variant of the species leek and not considered a true garlic. It has a tall, solid, flowering stalk and broad, flat leaves much like those of the leek, but forms a bulb consisting of very large, garlic like cloves.

Is Garlic Good for You?

Garlic is one of the most valuable and versatile foods on the planet. Garlic belongs to the Allium family of vegetables which also includes onions, chives, shallots and leeks.

Today garlic is a widely recognized health enhancing supplement. Garlic promotes the well-being of the heart and immune systems with antioxidant properties and helps maintain healthy blood circulation. One of garlic’s most potent health benefits includes the ability to enhance the body’s immune cell activity.

The active component in garlic is the sulfur compound called allicin. Allicin is the chemical produced when garlic is chopped, chewed, or bruised. Allicin is quite powerful as an antibiotic and a potent agent that helps the body to inhibit the ability of germs to grow and reproduce. In fact, it’s said that 1 milligram of allicin has a potency of 15 standard units of penicillin.

There are now over 12 studies published around the world that confirm that garlic can reduce cholesterol.

Recently researchers in Oxford and America have published some summaries of all the good data on garlic. Garlic is known to stimulate T-lymphocyte and macrophage action, promote interleukin-1 levels, and support natural killer cells. Strong activity of these key cells promotes healthy immune system function, and strengthens the body’s defenses.

History of Garlic
Garlic was rare in traditional English cuisine (though it is said to have been grown in England before 1548), and has been a much more common ingredient in Mediterranean Europe.
Builders of the ancient pyramids were said to eat garlic daily for enhanced endurance and strength.
Garlic was placed by the ancient Greeks on the piles of stones at cross-roads, as a supper for Hecate.
Roman emperors couldn’t eat enough of it, as it was considered an antidote to poisons which were very popular in certain political circles of the time.
The Spanish have long used garlic as a preservative which helps to add creadence to it’s anti-bacterial properties and whole books have been devoted to the health benefits of garlic.
The inhabitants of Pelusium in lower Egypt, who worshipped the onion, are said to have had an aversion to both onions and garlic as food.

European beliefs once considered garlic a powerful ward against demons, werewolves, and vampires. To ward off vampires, garlic could be worn, hung in windows or rubbed on chimneys and keyholes.
Garlic Facts
Garlic has germanium in it. Germanium is an anti-cancer agent, and garlic has more of it than any other herb. In lab tests, mice fed garlic showed no cancer development, whereas mice that weren’t fed garlic showed at least some. In fact, garlic has been shown to retard tumor growth in human subjects in some parts of the world.
Another benefit of garlic is it helps regulate the body’s blood pressure. So whether you have problems with low or high blood pressure, garlic can help equalize it.
Garlic helps strengthen your body’s defenses against allergies; helps loosen plaque from the artery walls; helps regulate your blood sugar levels; and is the best choice for killing and expelling parasites such as pin worms from the human body.
In addition to all these health benefits, garlic is packed with vitamins and nutrients. Some of these include protein, potassium, Vitamins A, B, B2 and C, Calcium, Zinc and many others.

In a 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, allicin powder was found to reduce the incidence of the common cold by over 50%.

Garlic and onions are toxic to cats and dogs.
Garlic can thin the blood similar to the effect of aspirin.
Drinking lemon juice or eating a few slices of lemon will stop bad garlic breath.

It is traditional to plant garlic on the shortest day of the year. Whether this is for symbolic or practical reasons is unclear.
Garlic for Health
Today, we know garlic is an excellent herb for creating and maintaining overall health, but it also has many lesser known, but powerful qualities. For example, many people don’t know that it’s a naturally powerful antibiotic. This natural antibiotic is effective against toxic bacteria, viruses, and fungus. Available in pills, capsules, liquid and actual raw cloves, garlic is one of the most popular healthy herbs around today.
Garlic helps platelet stickiness or aggregation to help reduce blood coagulation, and promote heart health.
The antioxidant properties of garlic help scavenge harmful free radicals, which can damage LDL (bad) cholesterol in the blood stream.
Garlic also promotes increased bile production to help reduce levels of fat in the liver. Garlic pills also help ward off coughs and colds.
Garlic and Your Heart.

The positive effect of garlic on your circulatory system is extremely well documented and it has been proved to:
lower blood pressure
decrease platelet aggregation
lower serum triglycerides and LDL-cholesterol ( the bad type) levels
increase serum HDL-cholesterol (the good type) and fibrinolysis (the process through which the body breaks up blood clots.)
Plus it stimulates the production of nitric oxide in the lining of blood vessel walls, a substance that helps them to relax.

As a result of these beneficial actions garlic helps to prevent arteriosclerosis and thereby reduces the risk of heart attack or stroke.
Two or three cloves a day have cut the risk of subsequent heart attacks in half in heart patients.

One reason for these beneficial effects may be garlic’s ability to reduce the amount of free radicals in the bloodstream. According to a study published in Life Sciences, a daily dose of 1 ml/kg body weight of garlic extract for a period of 6 months resulted in a significant reduction in oxidant (free radical) stress in the blood of arteriosclerosis patients. It’s positive effect on the circulatory system improves blood flow throughout the body so has even been hailed as a cure for impotence!
Garlic and Cancer
Current research has shown that a number of readily available foods such as garlic and onions that make up a healthy diet, actually have a major impact on cancer prevention. The protective effect of garlic seems to be greater than that of onions, even though onion consumption has been shown to reduce the risk of stomach cancer. These cancer fighting foods seem to have the ability to interfere with the development of cancerous tumors.

The October 2000 issue of the American Journal of Nutrition had a summary of a number epidemiologic studies which showed that people who consumed cooked or raw garlic on a regular basis compared to those that ate little or none had about half the risk of stomach cancer and one-third less risk of colorectal cancer.

This remarkable little bulb now tops the American National Cancer Institute’s list of potential cancer-preventative foods. It contains multiple anticancer compounds and antioxidants, more than 30 at the last count, which such powerful compounds as quercetin, diallyl sulphide,allin and ajoene. These have the ability to block cancer causing agents such as nitrosamine and aflatoxin which have been specifically linked to stomach, lung and liver cancer. Garlic’s ajoene and allicin have also been shown to retard cancer cells as a type of natural chemotherapy.

The Iowa Women’s Health Study discovered that women who included garlic in their daily diet had lower risks for colon cancer.

Meat cooked at high temperatures (well done to burnt) can produce carcinogenic (cancer producing) chemicals and research has recently discovered that when meat is cooked with garlic this effect is limited.

Garlic- and the Immune System.
Not surprisingly the presence of all these antioxidants in garlic have a very positive effect on the immune system in general and can therefore protect the body against all types of bacterial and viral attacks. Research has recently even shown it to have an inhibiting effect on MSRA which is currently reeking such havoc in U.K. hospitals.

Garlic also acts as a good cold medication, decongestant and expectorant. It is a surprisingly good source of vitamins C, B6 and the minerals selenium and manganese all of which have long been associated with immune system boosting as well as other benefits.

Garlic-Promotes Weight Control.

Allicin is the most potent substance found in garlic and this has been shown to not only lower blood pressure, insulin and triglyceride levels in laboratory animals fed a sugar rich diet, but also to prevent weight gain.

A study published in the American Journal of Hypertension reported that animals who developed high insulin levels, high blood pressure, and high triglycerides were given either allicin or served as a control.

Although all of the animals consumed the same amount of food, weight rose only in the control group whereas the animals who were being supplemented with allicin maintained stable weight or a slight decrease was actually noticed.

The researchers concluded that allicin may be of practical value for weight control.

Garlic Home Remedies

Garlic is an invaluable medicine for asthma, hoarseness, coughs, difficulty of breathing, and most other disorders of the lungs, being of particular virtue in chronic bronchitis, on account of its powers of promoting expectoration.

An older remedy for asthma, that was most popular, is a syrup of Garlic, made by boiling the garlic bulbs till soft and adding an equal quantity of vinegar to the water in which they have been boiled, and then sugared and boiled down to a syrup. The syrup is then poured over the boiled garlic bulbs, which have been allowed to dry meanwhile, and kept in a jar. Each morning a bulb or two should be taken, with a spoonful of the syrup.

For ear infections: Wrap a small piece of garlic in some tissue, and insert it into the ear. Leave it there overnight if possible. Pain is almost immediately removed and the infection tends to start clearing up overnight. See our full article Garlic can Fight and Cure Ear Infections

For scratchy throats: Put a small slice of garlic in your mouth and suck on it for 10-15 minutes. You can put it between your teeth and cheek, then scratch it with your teeth a little to help stimulate juice from the garlic slice. This juice slides down your throat and removes the pain.

Garlic can heal the pain caused by insect bites like those of scorpions and centipedes. The juice of fresh garlic mixed with salt can be applied to bruises, sprains and ringworms.

At the first sign of a cold, chop up 4 cloves of raw garlic and eat or use it as a garnish in soups etc.

Cut raw garlic and rub the cut edge on the tooth and gums a couple of times a day to stop toothache.

Take fresh garlic cloves and crush them, apply to warts until they disappear.

Crush a clove or two onto a dessert spoon then add olive oil and down the hatch. you get the benefits of raw garlic with none of the breath issues.

Garlic to clear sinuses. Melt some butter and add minced garlic cloves, spread on toast and eat.

Garlic for herpes. Take a garlic clove and cut in half. Eat one half and take the other half and rub into the affected areas. (may sting a little)

Use raw garlic juice on rashes and bug bites, it stops the itching immediately.

8 to 10 of garlic juice mixed with 2 TBLS of honey four times a day cures a persistent cough.

Garlic for tonsillitis. Peel a clove of garlic and cut them in half lengthwise. Boil for a couple of minutes in about 1.5 cup water and add a pinch of salt, teaspoon of butter, a pinch of pepper and sprinkle with nutmeg.

Cut a garlic clove into small pieces. Swallow them all in one go with a little water to cure bloating, stomach cramps and constipation.

10 drops of garlic juice with 2 teaspoon of honey cures asthma.
Garlic in Cooking
Garlic soup
Garlic is known for its distinct taste and smell whenever it’s cooked and added to various dishes.
Garlic has a long history as a culinary spice and medicinal herb. Its Latin name comes from “al” which means burning, and “sativum” which means harvested. Its most widely used part is the head, which is used in cooking to give its distinct taste. Its head is made of 4 – 20 cloves.
Because of its distinct taste and aroma, it is a commonly used spice that is mixed with other herbs like ginger and onions in preparing various dishes. Depending on the flavor desired, the method of cooking it could either be mellow or intense. In Northern European cuisine for example, garlic is used in little amounts and is cooked for a long time to diminish its taste. Try and cook some roasted garlic for extra health benefits.

You can order garlic capsules called “GarliActive” online at

**This product should not be taken with blood thinning medication and is not intended to diagnose, treat , cure or prevent disease.

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